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Papillomas of the anal region

Papillomas of the anal region and anus are a fairly common pathology diagnosed by proctologists. They do not cause physical pain, so people with existing symptoms do not visit a proctologist. However, papillomas in the anal region indicate infection with the human papilloma virus, which can provoke the appearance of malignant formations.


Anal papillomas: what are they?

Papillomas occur on the skin of the perianal zone and in the anal canal. Patients become infected during sexual contact. The virus can be in the body in an inactivated state, manifesting itself even years later, with weakened immunity.

The size, localization, shape of defects varies. Outwardly, a papilloma looks like a wart with a well-defined cap. The color of the formation is from light pink to rich brown.


What are the symptoms of anal papillomas?

  • discomfort in the anus;

  • itching, "burning" sensations;

  • bowel complications accompanied by bleeding.


It is worth noting that such symptoms are typical for other proctological diseases, so it is important to consult a doctor and rule out other diseases.


How are papillomas treated?

To diagnose the defect, an anamnesis, recorded patient complaints and palpation examination data are required. To determine the nature of the pathology, laboratory tests are carried out - blood and urine analysis, rectoromanoscopy. This makes it possible to learn about the condition of the intestinal mucosa, on the basis of which to choose a treatment regimen.


It is important to eliminate not only external manifestations, but to carry out antiviral therapy. For this, the patient is prescribed drugs to fight the pathogen and activate immunity. 

The formations themselves are removed by one of the methods:

  • laser technologies;

  • using a scalpel;

  • electric current;

  • radio waves


If the immunity weakens, a relapse of HPV with the appearance of new papillomas is possible. Therefore, it is better to follow the rules of prevention, do not neglect personal hygiene and limit your stay in places where many people gather and there are conditions for infection - these are swimming pools, saunas, etc.

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