top of page

Acute paraproctitis

Acute paraproctitis is an acute inflammation of the pararectal tissue. The disease is infectious in nature, its progression is indicated by specific symptoms:

  • intoxication of the whole body, 

  • headaches, 

  • feeling weak

  • hyperthermia,

  • inflammation of tissues in the region of the rectum is accompanied by aching pain,

  • swelling of the tissue provokes sharp pain due to the urge to defecate,

  • discomfort from urination, 

  • pain in the lower abdomen.


Paraproctitis in an acute form has a rapid course, with a rapid increase in symptoms. In the absence of timely treatment, purulent masses can break through the skin.


How does paraproctitis develop?

The causative agent is an infectious agent - staphylococcus, streptococcus or Escherichia coli. Due to insufficient hygiene or the presence of damage in the rectum, bacteria enter the anal glands, from where they spread deep into the tissues through microscopic cracks. The risk of developing acute paraproctitis is higher when:

  • immunity is weakened;

  • there are other infectious agents in the body that cause, for example, sore throat or herpes;

  • diagnosed diseases of the cardiovascular system (atherosclerosis, diabetes);

  • intestinal functioning is disturbed;

  • there are accompanying proctological pathologies - anal fissures, hemorrhoids, etc.


Acute paraproctitis is dangerous due to complications that develop in the absence of adequate treatment, and this, in turn, can even lead to death. 


Why is it necessary to treat acute paraproctitis in time?

  • neighboring tissues and even organs are involved in the purulent process,

  • the opening of an abscess to the intestine or vagina can lead to the formation of a fistula,

  • infection of the body, which turns into sepsis,

  • chronic paraproctitis is accompanied by the connection of the lumen of the rectum with a hole in the skin.


Treatment of acute paraproctitis involves only a surgical method and as soon as possible. This will ensure rapid healing while preserving the holding capacity of the sphincter.

bottom of page